Anemia is a condition characterized by a low level of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood, which can lead to a variety of symptoms. The symptoms of anemia can vary depending on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause. Common symptoms of anemia include:
Fatigue and weakness: Feeling tired and weak is one of the most common symptoms of anemia. This is because red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen to the body’s tissues, and a low red blood cell count means less oxygen is available to the body.
Shortness of breath: Anemia can cause shortness of breath because the body is not getting enough oxygen.
Pale skin: A lack of red blood cells can make the skin appear pale.
Dizziness or lightheadedness: Anemia can cause a decrease in blood pressure, which can lead to dizziness or lightheadedness.
Rapid or irregular heartbeat: Anemia can cause the heart to work harder to pump blood, leading to a rapid or irregular heartbeat.
Cold hands and feet: Anemia can cause a decrease in blood flow to the extremities, making the hands and feet feel cold.
Headaches: Anemia can cause headaches due to decreased oxygen delivery to the brain.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to speak with your healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause and appropriate treatment.
How to improve the hemoglobin level to avoid the anemia?
There are several ways to improve hemoglobin levels to avoid anemia:
Consume Iron-rich foods: Iron is an essential nutrient for the production of hemoglobin. Iron-rich foods include lean red meat, poultry, fish, beans, lentils, tofu, fortified cereals, and dark leafy vegetables.
Vitamin C: Vitamin C is necessary for the absorption of iron from plant-based sources. Citrus fruits, strawberries, kiwi, and bell peppers are excellent sources of Vitamin C.
Folate and Vitamin B12: Folate and Vitamin B12 are also essential for the production of healthy red blood cells. Sources of folate include leafy green vegetables, legumes, and fortified cereals. Vitamin B12 is found in animal products such as meat, fish, and dairy.
Iron Supplements: If your diet is deficient in iron, your doctor may recommend iron supplements.
Avoid tea and coffee: Tea and coffee contain tannins that can interfere with iron absorption. Avoid drinking tea or coffee with meals, especially with iron-rich foods.
Manage underlying medical conditions: Certain medical conditions such as celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis can interfere with iron absorption. Managing these conditions can help improve hemoglobin levels.
Exercise regularly: Regular exercise can help stimulate the production of red blood cells, which can improve hemoglobin levels.